Anti-Inflammatory Cream for Various Skin

Clobetasol propionate cream is used for the treatment of various skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, and lichen sclerosus. It is also used to treat several auto-immune diseases including alopecia areata, vitiligo, lichen planus and mycosis fungoides. For better understanding the characteristics of these skin diseases that are treatable with Clobetasol propionate will be discuss.

Let us begin with the first skin condition Eczema which is a form of dermatitis or inflammation of the outer layer of the skin. These include dryness and recurring skin rashes that are characterized by one or more symptoms like redness, swelling, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering bazinga cracking, oozing or bleeding.

Psoriasis is an auto immune disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system mistakes the skin cells as a pathogen, and sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis is not contagious but it has been linked to an increased risk of stroke.

Lichen Sclerosus (LS) also known as “Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus” is a disease of unknown cause that results in white patches on the skin, which may cause scarring on and around genital skin.

Alopecia Areata is a condition wherein it involves the hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp. Typical first symptoms of alopecia areata are small bald patches. The underlying skin is unscarred and looks superficially normal. These patches can take many shapes, but are most usually round or oval. Alopecia areata most often affects the scalp and beard, but may occur on any hair-bearing part of the body. With this skin condition it is common that skin areas can exhibit hair loss and re-growth at the same time. The disease may also go into remission for a time, or permanently.

Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes depigmentation of sections of skin. It usually occurs when melanocytes, the cells which are responsible for skin pigmentation, die or are unable to function properly. The cause of vitiligo is still unknown, but research suggests that it may be due to auto immune, genetic,oxidative stress, neural and viral causes.

Lichen Planus is a chronic mucocutaneous disease that may affect the skin, tongue, and oral mucosa. This disease presents itself in the form of papules, lesions, or rashes but Lichen planus does not necessarily involve lichens, the fungus or algae symbionts that often grow on tree trunks. The commonly refers to the dry and undulating, “lichen-like” appearance of affected skin and it is also associated with certain medications and diseases but the underlying pathology is currently unknown up to now.

Mycosis fungoides also known as Alibert-Bazin syndrome or granuloma fungoides, is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. It generally affects the skin, but may progress internally over time. The disease, however, is not a fungal infection but rather a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It was so named because Alibert described the skin tumors of a severe case as having a mushroom-like appearance.

The use of this cream has also possible side effects and this includes the following: osteoporosis, acneiform eruptions, allergic contact dermatitis, burning sensation, cracking and fissuring, cushing’s syndrome, dizziness, dryness, erythema, glaucoma, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, hypopigmentation, itching, Irritation, miliaria, numbness of fingers, perioral dermatitis, pruritus, secondary infection, skin atrophy, skin maceration, stinging, striae, telangiectasia.

Clobetasol Cream is primarily used for itching, redness and swelling which is associated with countless skin conditions. It works effectively by decreasing specific immune responses which then lowers the redness and itching of the skin.

Kenneth Levenstein is an online publisher of health and skin issues related websites. Click the link for more information about Clobetasol Cream.



IPL 4 Match Result: Mumbai Indians Beaten At

Match played on: April 15

Venue: Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai

Toss won by: KTK, who elected to bowl

First Innings (MI):

Power Play Overs (1-6):

By the time the Power Play overs ended, Jayawardene might have had misgivings about having opted to field, on winning the toss. Tendulkar, on 31 off 22 balls, bazinga was looking ominous, and at 44/0, MI looked set for a big score.

Half-way Mark:

At the ten-over mark, the score had moved up to 71/1, with Jacobs the man out, clean bowled by Gomez. The in-form Rayudu had joined his skipper at the crease, and the stage was set for an early slog.

Fifteen Over Stage:

With 54 runs accruing from the previous five overs, MI were 125/1, and looked perfectly poised for the final burst. Tendulkar had 55 runs off 45 balls, while Rayudu had 44 from 24. With nine wickets in hand, MI would have sighted 200 on their score horizon.

Slog Overs (16 – 20):

MI managed to reach 182/2, with skipper Tendulkar reaching his maiden T20 hundred, off the last ball. The score was less than what looked likely after 16 overs when MI were 145/1, but appeared to be sufficiently challenging, given the bowling resources Tendulkar had at his disposal.

First Innings Verdict:

There was nothing in the wicket for the bowlers but considering the size of the target, the question was, did KTK have the nerve? They had a few good players at the top of the order, but could come unraveled very quickly, were they to lose early wickets.

Second Innings (KTK):

Power Play Overs (1-6):

McCullum enjoyed a let-off when Rohit Sharma, fielding in the slips, dropped KTK’s opener, off Malinga’s first ball. Baz took the initiative stepping out to a full length ball and got a four to mid off, to ease the pressure, somewhat. A single off the last ball meant that the New Zealander had seen off Malinga’s first over, while retaining the strike. Patel who bowled the next over, kept the runs scored down to just three, and the tension was palpable, among KTK supporters. Malinga’s next over was probably the turning point of the match. Seventeen runs came off the over, with McCullum helping himself to three boundaries. Not only had MI’s best bowler gone wicket-less in his first spell, he had also been treated with relative disdain, by the KTK openers. KTK finished the Power Play on 50/0, the last over from Pollard going for 18 runs. More unfortunately for Pollard, Murtaza had dropped Jayawardene at backward point, off the fifth ball of the over.

Half-way Mark:

The KTK Express rolled on merrily, and after 10 overs, the score read 84/0. with both batsmen looking set, MI needed to do something different, if they were to get back into the match.

Fifteen Over Stage:

The last five overs had yielded 50 runs, but Tendulkar had managed to break the opening partnership by bringing back Malinga into the attack. Bur the MI skipper had cause for worry, in Harbhajan’s indifferent form. Bhajji went for 33 runs in his four overs, without reward in the form of wickets. With less than 50 runs needed from the last five overs, the momentum had shifted in KTK’s favour.

Slog Overs (16-20):

Patel bowled the 16th over and gave away 9 runs. With 40 needed off the last four, just one economic over, at this stage, could have brought MI back into the reckoning. Murtaza appeared the obvious choice to bowl the 17th over, having given away just 17 runs in his three previous overs. Rohit Sharma was another part-timer that Tendulkar could have turned to. But the MI skipper opted for Pollard, who had been hit for 30, in his previous two overs. The 17th over went for 13 runs, leaving KTK 27 to get off the last three. Tendulkar turned again to Malinga and the Sri Lankan obliged, getting McCullum’s wicket off the first ball. With the new man Hodge failing to score off the next two deliveries, the asking rate had begun to climb. The Aussie batsman hit two decisive fours, in the three remaining deliveries, to keep KTK in the hunt. Tendulkar finally turned to Murtaza, and KTK’s new batsman, Jadeja, was equal to the challenge, creaming the first ball to long off for four. Four more runs accrued off the next three balls. Jadeja decided not to wait for the 20th over, and lofted Murtaza for sixes over mid-wicket and long on to seal a famous win for the Tuskers.

Final Verdict:

There was not much Tendulkar could do, after his main bowler had failed to provide a breakthrough, and Harbhajan’s lack of form did not help matters any. With Malinga likely to miss IPL games from the first week of May, owing to Sri Lanka’s tour of England, MI are suddenly looking vulnerable. What a difference one game can make.


THe Difference Between Digital Marketing and Social Media Marketing

It utilizes an assortment of digital channels like SEO (search engine optimization), social media and PPC (pay per click) to entice audiences towards a prospective brand. Digital marketing uses internet as the core medium of promotion which can be accessed using electronic gadgets like computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones.

Internet marketing techniques such as search engine marketing (SEM), e-mails form an integral part of digital marketing. Moreover, it also includes non-internet channels like short messaging service (SMS) and multimedia messaging service (MMS), callbacks, etc. All these different channels form an integrated part of digital marketing. Digital marketing is considered a BTL Below- onlyfreedommatters The-Line marketing as it targets a smaller and more concentrated group and works on forming loyal customers and creating conversions.

SMO or (SMM), on the other hand, is a branch or subset of digital marketing that excels at promotion using social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and so forth. It makes the use of social media for the purpose of marketing. Social media relies heavily on the interaction of the users, sharing information and forming a community of sorts and hence has a ‘social’ element to it. It utilizes the creation of artistic content which is presented accordingly to lure the audience towards your products or services and create a brand following.

According to Zephoria Digital Marketing Consultants, there are over 1.71 billion monthly active Facebook users worldwide. This means that statistically Facebook is too big to ignore and hence, should be a vital part of your social media marketing strategies. Online video consumption on such platforms has been on a steady rise and is the next big thing in terms of marketing strategies. SMM is also a BTL Below-The-Line marketing as it relates to segregated groups formed over common interests on social media platforms.

Companies looking to address their marketing needs need to choose between a digital marketing agency or a specialist agency. If you are looking for someone to plan out your entire marketing strategy, then a digital marketing agency would be a good choice. However, if you are looking for someone to only handle the social media aspect of your strategy, then you are better off working with a specialist agency.

With the extreme popularity of digital media, people are more willing to incorporate digital marketing into their everyday lifestyle. As per the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) report, Internet ad revenues in the United States reached a staggering $27.5 billion in the first half of 2015.This has opened up several job opportunities world over. There is a high demand; however, we experience a dearth in the skilled workforce as people are still coming to terms with the rapid evolution of digital media.

To meet the increasing demands of talented individuals, there are several online courses in digital marketing available. A quick Google search on this topic will enlist a host of institutes that offer the mentioned lessons. The courses run for a number of days where all the related topics under the umbrella of digital marketing are addressed. Students gain valuable insights into the subject that enables them to carve a niche for themselves.

The digital marketing course includes basic understanding of marketing and advertising concepts and fundamental knowledge of statistical and analytical tools. They are also given comprehensive information about email marketing, SEO/SEM, pay per click, mobile marketing, online video among others.

Social media marketing courses include an in-depth understanding of the principles of social media, major social media sites, social media strategy and measuring social media. It offers a look into the strengths and weaknesses of the social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, etc. and delves deeper into the newest trends surfacing on social media.Social media is an indispensable part of digital media strategy. SM platforms are leveraged for the purpose of branding of a product or service as it provides a more interactive medium open for a two-way conversation. Digital marketing is more relevant in terms of creating brand awareness, marketing or reputation management. Although they have different online applications, they serve the larger purpose of brand advancement and customer conversion into leads and sales. Consumers have become more brand conscious with active participation and most spoilt for choice with the plethora of options available online. Their share in the overall marketing strategy has grown manifold rendering traditional strategy techniques obsolete. The rate at which digital media is advancing, it won’t be far fetched to imagine a future where virtual reality has transpired to every aspect of our existence.


Chinese Fortune Telling

Much to my surprise, I have discovered more than one famous author or personality who has incorrectly perpetuated the wrong Feng Shui New Year date. Contrary to popular belief, the correct New Year is based on a Solar calendar, not the Lunar calendar.

The Lunar calendar vacillates from year to year by weeks, sometimes occurring at the end of January and sometimes in February. Enthusiasts sometime assume that the New Year will begin according to the Lunar calendar, but there is no excuse for a professional to get this wrong.

There is one form of Chinese bazinga Astrology called Zi Wei Dou Shu, which adheres to the lunar calendar. But even the more popular BaZi (Four Pillars of Destiny) Astrology uses the Solar calendar as well. The Chinese solar calendar begins on February 4th or 5th each year, not vacillating by more than a day and calculated down to the minute. This date represents the exact mid-way point between the December Solstice and the March Equinox. February 4th/5th marks a specific date when the Sun and Earth are at a precise distance from each other. And this is true for both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere.

When one gains a better understanding of Yin-Yang Theory, The Trigrams, astronomy and Chinese cosmology as it relates to Feng Shui, then it is understood that the solar calendar has to be used. Most classical teachers will announce very early on in their classes that the New Year begins on February 4th/5th, but some Feng Shui celebrities who do not understand the crucial aspect of timing and Xuan Kong Flying Star School will assume that any reference to the new year has to be the lunar cycle.

The solar calendar is also referred to for monthly cycles and for longer cycles like the 20 Year Eras. For example, we are currently living in a time called Period 8. It began on February 4th 2004 and will continue until February 4rd, 2024.

Chinese, Japanese, and other Asian cultures like to celebrate the Lunar New Year with great festivities. But how do we appropriately celebrate a Feng Shui New year? Most people who are aware of the significance are either trying to figure out on their own or consulting with a professional regarding what kinds of changes they may need to make to their home or business just before or on February 4th. It ends up being more of a time to plan and execute some adjustments to our living or work space than any kind of party or ceremony.

In any given year, typical adjustments to a house could involve the use of water, wood, fire, earth and metal. Because of annual influences, beginning on February 4th/5th, someone might need to change an element from one location to the next. The precise directions within a floor plan have to be determined using a to-scale floor plan and an accurate compass reading.

Let us speak generally about the direction of North. The North sector spans from 337.5 degrees to 22.5 degrees, relative to the center of a floor plan. In 2011, there was annual energy residing in the North which for anyone could invite legal problems, gossip, or contractual disputes. The range of course could be vast, from something as minor as a parking ticket to something serious like an IRS audit or worse. During 2011, this particular energy, written in code as the “3 wood star”, could be weakened with the presence of the fire element. There are a number of ways to represent fire, inconspicuously, such as with boldly red art work, red décor items and accent lighting.

Come February 4th 2012, we’ll have a very different type of annual influence in the North sector which would usually not do well in the company of fire. Instead, the element of metal would be more appropriate in the North location for 2012. And yet, more than just annual influences are compared in any given direction. We have what I call “permanent” flying stars which have to be taken into consideration as well, along with who is using the area and for what function.

If you want to make a new year’s resolution, you can attempt to start January 1st as so many people do. But in reality, February 4th has greater potency to assist you in initiating your resolutions. February 4th is when Earth embarks on a whole new relationship with the Sun and it is when people experience a much bigger shift personally and professionally. In fact, for some people the month of January feels like a long hang over from the holiday season, but by February we are better equipped to start manifesting our yearly goals.

Kartar Diamond has been a classically trained Feng Shui consultant since 1992 with her own company, Feng Shui Solutions. Kartar is known world-wide as a teacher, author, and practitioner with voluminous case study experience. Find out more about Kartar Diamond’s consulting services, ebooks, paperback books, DVD and teleseminars by going to

Kartar also has an on-line mentoring program called The Feng Shui Case Study Club; find out more at


Forensic Arson Investigation – How Did a Fire in an Arson Crime Scene Start?

When CSI or fire investigators arrive at an arson crime scene and determine the location where the fire started, the next question on their mind is how the fire started and what materials were used to start a fire.

In this article, we will elaborate on how a perpetrator starts a fire and what common methods he/she uses to start a blazing inferno.

After having determined the point of origin of a fire at an arson crime scene, fire investigators then focus on the potential causes of the fire. They look at the conditions and factors that allowed the fire to start and spread. At the top of the list of potential causes of a fire are human factors, whether accidental or willful, for arson investigators.

Fire investigators conduct a thorough search of the area around the point of origin for accelerants and igniters. Electrical wiring, candles, fireplaces, complex electrical timers, oil lamps, cigarettes, and spontaneous combustion make potential ignition sources.

Spontaneous combustion, an internal chemical reaction that starts a fire, is a rarity but can happen when flammable materials are contained in an enclosed area such as keeping oil-soaked towels in a small, closed pantry. In an enclosed space, heat is produced when the oils slowly undergo the process of oxidation. Since the heat is confined to a closed area, the heat has nowhere to go and may cause an increase in temperature in that area such that the oil or the towels will ignite.

Analyzing these possibilities helps arson investigators in categorizing fires as natural, accidental, or willful.


  • A natural fire is the result from events such as a lightning strike.
  • Accidental fires are the result of a smoldering cigarette or faulty electrical wiring.
  • Presence of an electrical or combustible timing device is indicative of a willful act of arson.


In the case against Ryan-Neely Otts of Austin, Texas in the dual arson case back in 2005, these apartment complex fires were determined to be willful based on the same accelerants found at both crime scenes. A jury later convicted him of first degree arson and sentence him to 10 years in prison.

What do perpetrators use to start a blaze?

Low-tech tools

Tools for starting a fire vary from simple to complex. A match is perhaps the most common ignition tool. Arson perpetrators many times light fires and toss the matches aside, thinking that the fire will completely destroy them. Even a tiny match can leave behind trace evidence for CSI investigators to find.

The heads of matches contain a material called diatoms, which are unicellular organisms found in silica based earth and are used in the production of matches. The shells within these small organisms contain silica, a strong material that has the capability to survive fires. Interestingly enough, match manufacturers use different materials, so that distinct diatom species are found in their matches. Since individual species of diatom has a unique shell structure, identifying these shell remains many times identifies the brand of matches used by the arsonist.

Another effective, low-tech ignition tool can be made by putting a candle on a pile of paper. When the flame consumes the candle, the flame ignites the paper, and the fire spreads. An arson perpetrator may even put a lit cigar across an open book of matches under flammable curtains.

High-tech tools

On the high-tech end, an electrical timing device can serve as an ignition tool. Either commercial grade timers or a modified clock can be used to time when a circuit closes and turns on an initiator. There is no limit to the imagination of an arsonist when building one of these devices.

If a detailed search of the crime scene unveils candle residue, a cigar or cigarette butt, or the remnants of an electrical device, CSI investigators have discovered a possible igniting device.


Four Shortfalls of IT Delivery

Although the importance and the need for innovation and delivery through information technology have grown in recent years, some of the IT delivery requests do not yield the results and the benefits expected by the customers involved. It is crucial to understand why.

During 2017 we have conducted surveys to get feedback from business units on their assessment of the quality of the IT delivery during the year. The results of the surveys were balanced in relation to the effectiveness of IT delivery, but a few common themes were consistently highlighted which need to be addressed as critical areas of weakness and which will be discussed in this article.

We mainly identified top four shortfalls of IT delivery:

I) Lack of a clear “agreement” between the IT team and the business units:

Often business units will go directly into finding the solution to an issue without thoroughly understanding the problem that is being addressed or the benefits of the solution. In order for an IT delivery to be successful an “Agreement document” needs to be prepared and accepted by the business unit with a clear description of the problem and a clear business case which includes a clear definition of the success factors for the project implementation.

An agreement document does not have to be a long drawn document, as the project document would include the details, but it is required to ensure that the final output of the IT delivery will meet the business unit’s request and ensure that both sides have a common understanding of the problem and of the relative solution. The document should include at least the following items:


  • Executive Summary.
  • Deliverables (outputs).
  • Schedule/Plan.
  • Milestones: The milestones can be of type Customer Acceptance, Progress Measure, External Dependency and Benefits Realization. Milestones can occur beyond the end date of the initiative, especially for Benefit Realization. There should be at least 3 customer satisfaction milestones, at the start, middle and end.
  • Budget and estimated costs.
  • Prerequisites/Dependencies.
  • Risks.
  • Quality assurance: In addition to the standard quality assurance criteria, this section should include measurable success factors and define if an IT delivery is considered successful or not. If a project cannot identify the success factors needed for the successful implementation, the scope of the project could easily change during the implementation and the quality of the final phase of the project could easily be argued as there are no established measures of success. It is essential to have a measurable definition of the scope and what constitutes a successful implementation of the IT delivery.

Without a documented agreement from the business units, IT delivery could easily become less effective or even a failure due to delayed implementation, changes in scope or disagreements on what is expected from the required delivery. 

II) Weak Project Management

In general project managers need to be able to manage and coordinate all of the project logistics. Many of the project managers in IT usually focus on the delivery of the technological solution and do not address many other factors that are essential for successful IT delivery such as:


  • Planning (activities and resources)
  • Defining Scope
  • Time Estimating
  • Cost Estimating
  • Developing a Budget
  • Documentation
  • Managing Risks and Issues
  • Monitoring and Reporting Progress
  • Controlling Quality
  • Benefits Realization

While the above list seems to be obvious and is documented in every project management methodology, numerous IT deliveries fail as the project manager focuses on a subset of the above and is not able to balance all of the above responsibilities. The project manager should focus on enabling the business unit’s expectations, delivery dates and should be able to differentiate between scope creep and valid user concerns if he/she wants to improve efficacy and reduce the number of project failures. 

III) Lack of adequate Planning:

In general, the performance of successful delivery is directly related to the effectiveness of the planning phase. Unfortunately, many IT teams are not patient and do not take the adequate time to have the thorough plan to achieve the requested goals. The lack of planning usually results in an untimely delivery of the solution, improper scope or objective delivered, and overspending the agreed cost/budget.

Most plans of successful projects had realistic milestones with unrealistic timeline; or they’ll use outdated planning model that has nothing to do with today’s business environment. IT delivery plans need to match with current business unit’s trends, organizational objectives, as well as the end users’ needs. If they don’t, the project will quickly be doomed to fail.


Templars Disney film National Treasure

Whether stars of the Disney film National Treasure or pawns of modern day political and commercial propaganda, the Knights Templar have taken root as one of the world’s leading mystery groups. But what is the truth? Did they really have a great secret? Did they really hide treasure? Were they really guardians of the Holy Bloodline? Let’s take a look.

Originally supposedly a group of  geekowear nine knights (debatable), taken from the ruling nobility in the region of France known as Champagne who collected themselves together in Jerusalem around 1118 AD and formed the now infamous Knights Templar. All of this cannot be totally proven from the texts – however it is repeated so often that it becomes true. In all likelihood they had been formed in France years before.

They were pledged, it is said, to commit their lives and work to a strict code of rules and on the face of it were simply ordained to ensure the safe passage of pilgrims to the Holy Land. The knights request this task of the first King Baldwin of Jerusalem, who refuses. He then dies supposedly under mysterious circumstances only to be replaced by Baldwin II who then almost immediately grants them this privilege. For the next nine (there’s that number again) years the knights excavate beneath the Temple of Solomon (which didn’t ever exist) in complete secrecy and the Grand Master returns to Europe, supposedly with secrets that have been hidden for hundreds of years. Very quickly the knights achieve a special dispensation from the Pope to allow them to charge interest on loans – indicating their swift path to wealth. Soon the great Cathedral building period arrives across Europe with the new found architectural “secrets” discovered by the crusaders. This new found knowledge may very well have come from some of the discoveries made by the Templars, especially when we consider that the man responsible for energizing the building program was none other than St. Bernard – the same Bernard who gave the Order of the Knights Templar their rules and who was related by blood to various members. The same St. Bernard indicated in the propaganda of the Arthurian and Grail literature.

The Templars grew in wealth and power. Their land holding and banking system made them one of the most powerful and feared groups in Europe. Virtually nobody could match their international strength. According to George F. Tull in Traces of the Templars they were also “well placed to obtain relics” as they held the respect of nobility and had many strategically placed premises across the Holy Land.

Near Loughton-on-Sea in England there are several Templar connected sites. The Temple here was “well provided with liturgical books, plate and vessels of silver, silver gilt, ivory and crystal, vestments, frontals and altar cloths. Among the relics kept there were two crosses containing fragments of the True Cross and a relic of the Holy Blood” whatever that might have been – it was not a bloodline. Tull also tells us of how some of these relics entered Britain, “Sometimes the ships returned with more specialized cargo, as when in 1247 Br. William de Sonnac, Master of the Temple in Jerusalem, sent a distinguished Knight Templar to bring to England and present to King Henry III ‘a portion of the Blood of our Lord, which He shed on the Cross for the salvation of the world, enclosed in a handsome crystalline vessel.’ The relic was authenticated under seal by the Patriarch of Jerusalem, the bishops, abbots and nobles of the Holy Land.” In Surrey the Templars held land known then as Temple Elfold with 192 acres of arable land. Here again in 1308 there was mention of a grail and a chalice. It is therefore obvious that part of the wealth of the Templars came from the propaganda tools of the medieval reliquary business, proving their astute business acumen and their ability to root out those tools. They were also incidental in spreading the cult of St. George, especially when we consider that they knew of his shrine in Lydda.

But in the early fourteenth century King Philip of France organized their downfall and the supposed secrets and wealth of the Templars disappears.

At their trials the Templars were not only accused of worshipping the sacred head, but also the veneration of the serpent. As Andrew Sinclair points out in The Secret Scroll, another Templar emblem was the foliated staff of Moses, the very same staff, which turned into a serpent and was itself emblematic of the serpent religious cult and healing.

The Rosslyn Missal, written by Irish monks in the twelfth century shows in itself Templar crosses with great dragons and sun discs. Upon the Secret Scroll itself is the symbol of the twelve tribes of Israel, the breastplate of Aaron (who’s serpent staff is said to be in the Ark) with twelve squares signifying the twelve tribes surmounted by a serpent. The serpent, ruling the tribes, “. . . the Serpent as a symbol obtained a prominent place in all the ancient initiations and religions. Among the Egyptians, it was s symbol of Divine Wisdom.” (The Secret Scroll, Andrew Sinclair, which of course has been dated by scholars to the 16th or even 18th century.) Many people believe that quite a few of the Templars and their secrets escaped to Scotland and the dawning of a new age of Freemasonry emerged in later years – thought to be directly from the Templars.

In the year 1314 King Edward of England invades Scotland, hoping to bring an end to the border battles. Meeting the Scottish army at Bannock Burn he is surprised by a force of well-trained men fighting for the Scots. The tide is turned and Scotland achieves independence, even if only for three years. The standard history has it that these well-trained men that turned the tide against the well-trained English army were nothing more than camp followers and servants. Many though, now believe that these were the famous knights Templar, who had taken root in Scotland and hidden away from Catholic tyranny. Strangely immediately after the battle Robert the Bruce, the new Scottish King, rewards the Sinclair family with lands near Edinburgh and Pentland. The very same lands associated with hundreds of Templar graves, sites, symbols and much more, such as Balantrodoch (Temple.)

An indication of the popular liking for the Templars is shown in the Peasant’s Revolt of Wylam Tyler in 1381 AD when a mob marched in protest of the oppressive taxes placed upon them. Strangely they did not harm the old Templar buildings, but instead turned their attentions on those of the Catholic Church. In one instance they actually carried things out of a Templar church in London to burn the items in the street, rather than damage the building. It may be that this uprising was a natural incident, or it may be that it was inspired by the actions of a hidden and now secret society of the Templars – hidden because of the new Catholic hatred towards them. If it is the case that the Templars did indeed inspire this revolt then, even though they were not successful, they tried again a hundred years later and forced the Reformation. It was around this period (15th Century) that the first records of Scottish and York Masonic meetings appear.



10 4-Letter Words You Need In Your Vocabulary

When you were growing up did your parents teach you not to use 4-letter words?

Mine sure did.

Oh, they didn’t mean “all” 4-letter words, just a select few but those were a real no-no in my house.

Well, today I am going to list 10 4-letter words that you should not only be using but should be living if you want your online business to succeed.


Work – “sustained physical or mental effort to overcome obstacles and achieve an objective or result”

While this is a word we would all like to get out of our vocabulary it’s 1 that we can’t avoid – especially when you’re first starting your online business.

There are no true “get rich” schemes or programs although there are many that make that offer. And it’s true that someone does “get rich” with them – the ones who “worked” to set them up!


Time – ” the measured or measurable period during which an action, process, or condition exists or continues”

While we would all like less “work”, we would like to have more “time” – there’s just never enough of it!

But in online businesses there is no such thing as “instant”. Yes, there are those who promise “instant” results but the truth is – it takes “time” (sometimes a lot of it) to achieve those “instant” results.


Plan – “a method for achieving an end”

Unfortunately, most people who start online business don’t understand what a “plan” is or how to create one. We are all so busy learning and trying new things that we forget we need to map out the steps we need to take to build a successful online business.

Fortunately, or maybe unfortunately, there are many ways to build a successful online business. The trick is identifying the 1 that will work for your business and then staying with it until you succeed.


Give – “to put into the possession of another for his or her use”

Most of us have heard the saying, “It’s better to give than receive.” And it’s true!

To be a successful online business person we must continually give the best we have to offer. We must “give” quality information, products or services to prove our worth to potential customers. And if we provide something worthy of being shared, we can have our gift spread the word about our business (also known as viral marketing).


Sell – “to deliver something to another for money”

Most people don’t like to “sell” things. In fact, many of us have been taught to be wary of salespeople.

It’s because we don’t want to “sell” that there are programs promising “no selling required.” But before you leap to 1 of those offers, stop and think about it. If no one has to sell anything how can money be made?

The sad fact is, you have to “sell” something to make money online. When you recommend products or services, when you make suggestions, when you negotiate partnerships, you’re selling. So if your online business is to succeed, you must learn to sell!


Taking Online English Lessons – What All Courses Should Teach You

Taking an online class can sometimes leave you wondering if you are going to learn anything. Especially when you are learning to speak a new language, you wonder if you are learning anything from the class. There are certain things that every language class should teach you when you are taking online English lessons. People who speak English do so with an intricate understanding of what the rules are and what rules have exceptions. To be taught all the rules and guidelines of the English language one must first be taught vocabulary, how to pronounce words like English speakers do, and how to understand what someone is saying.

The first step when learning a new language is to learn words that are commonly spoken. Every word you learn adds another step to your learning process. English words can cause trouble because of all the synonyms, homonyms, and words that have only slightly different meanings. Learning more vocabulary terms you can find new ways to say things in English, and you will grow surer of your ability to communicate effectively. Many courses will have special tricks and acronyms to help you remember rules and vocabulary. Certainly, taking online English lessons is not easy, and it takes a lot of study and practice to recall vocabulary words.

Being able to sound like you belong with great English tone and pronunciation will be important as you learn. Often you can say a word with a foreign accent and it will still sound like a foreign word because of the way you pronounce it. Only speaking with someone that is a native speaker will get you to pronounce words correctly. There are natural differences between how people from different areas of the same country pronounce certain words. Accents can be extremely difficult even with speakers of the same language. A good course of taking online English lessons should instruct you on the proper way to pronounce things without accents.


Meta Words Get You Traction Marketing Online

Much has been written about the importance of sprucing up your site with Meta words, and Meta tags (which I will talk about in a future article) so that you can earn a higher ranking in the search engine. You need to create an elaborate and comprehensive strategy, and put it to work. Therefore the combination of words you use must be thought through correctly and decisively so when someone is searching for what you offer the Meta words will draw them into your site.

To some reading this article the term Meta words may seem a bit difficult but in reality they are not that difficult to come up with or create. One of the easiest ways to draw up a list of potential Meta words to use on your site or landing page is to visit other people’s sites that are similar. Once on the site-click on view source in the tool bar and you will see all the Meta words the site you are viewing is using to get traction with the search engines. While this is a reasonable strategy to get you started, you don’t want to stop there, what I mean is you don’t want to depend on that type of research. After all, if you only use what the other sites use than your putting yourself in the same pool as them, and if the site has more traction than yours it will receive precedence. You need to come up with words that differentiate you from the rest, not become just a copy cat. When you are perceived as offering the same type of services as everyone else, you have to contend with price competition, and that’s a losing game for the online entrepreneur.

So, how can you draw up your own effective list of effective words?

Where else the World Wide Web, there are many different sites available that can help you gather all the words you need, just make sure that they fit the style of your site, and the market you want to relate too. Once you’ve assembled about 15 or 20 keywords and phrases go to your favorite search engine and plug them into the search bar and see what comes up under those words. Now on occasion go back to the search engine and add a few words at a time and see how your site ranks, and hopefully you will see that your site will be moving up the ranks in the search engine.

Now what you want to do is start submitting your site to the various different search engines out there to get exposure. Doing this may take some time because every search engine has its own set of criteria and rules for you to follow, some sites may have you fill out a formal submission application. In my experience marketing online I only had to submit an application once or twice so don’t get discouraged

Don’t make the mistake of overloading your site with unnecessary repetition, some sites discourage this activity and may consider you’re abusing the keyword process. Keep it simple use appropriate words and expressions that convey the theme of your site, display them properly at the top of the page as headers-and sub topics, and your ranking in the search engine will increase substantially. Good luck with your site, and enjoy the wealth of marketing online!